While we are on a grammar roll, here’s another one.
My interest comes about, as it often does, as a result of an aural assault by a well-meaning speaker. Typically, once the bristle passes, I look up the pertinent rule to be sure I understand it.
For whatever reason, I never fully appreciated things like mood versus tense until I studied foreign languages. And still, I know them more intuitively than by the rules themselves.
If the following phrases make you bristle, then you don’t need the review. If they sound perfectly fine, read on.
- “I wish I would have kept the appointment.”
- “If I would have known you were going, I’d have offered you a ride.”
- “If I was in your shoes, I’d be worried.”
- “If I would have went to the party, I would have had a good time.”
You could drive yourself crazy reading all the rules. But feel free. They are long and involved and I’d probably miss some nuance in explaining it anyway. I’ve included the relevant Wikipedia links above because they are the simplest and most accessible online sources for this purpose, in my opinion.
Or, you could simply train your ear to pick up on the errors and correct them before you speak. Often, it simply means taking out “would” or changing “was” to “were,” but not always. Here are some tricks you might use to keep it straight. Maybe you have some of your own.
If you are tempted to say “I wish I would have . . .,” think about The Rolling Stones’ “I Wish I’d Never Met You” and remember to say, “I wish I had . . .” No would.
If you are tempted to say “If I would have known . . .,” think of the 1950 song, “If I Knew You Were Comin’, I’d’ve Baked a Cake,” then say, “If I knew” or “If I had known…” For you younger readers, the song was also sung on Sesame Street, so you’ve probably heard it. Just try to get past the double contraction.
If you are tempted to say “If I was,” think of Fiddler on the Roof and the song, “If I Were a Rich Man.” It’s were, not was. Subjunctive mood, conditional perfect tense. Or some might call it imperfect past subjunctive.
Finally, if you are tempted to utter the double whammy, “If I would have went,” then you are probably not reading this blog anyway.